- Patrick Henry
- Battle of Bunker Hill (1775)
- The Battle of Longue-Pointe (near Montreal) 1775
- Battle of Trenton (1777)
- Battle of Guilford Court House (1781)
- Battle of Cowpens (1781)
TIME Magazine: Ten American protest moments
TIME Magazine: Ten American protest moments
The owners of the Chicago White Sox were adamant: they were going to get a new ballpark.
As for “In what state?,” Jerry Reinsdorf and Eddie Einhorn were open-minded.
The Sox had played on Chicago’s south side since 1901. However, in the summer of 1988, business leaders and politicians were offering a sweet deal in St. Petersburg if the Sox would become Florida’s first Major League Baseball team.
A cherished dream of many Floridians — the state’s own major-league baseball team — moved closer to reality Tuesday when legislators approved a $30 million plan to lure the Chicago White Sox to St. Petersburg.
”We are extremely pleased,” said Larry Arnold, chief assistant city manager of St. Petersburg.
”We have taken a major step toward bringing major-league baseball to Florida. We have every hope that they’re going to be in St. Petersburg in 1989.”
This was a fact: Unless Illinois lawmakers passed the stadium bill by midnight (60 votes needed in the House) on June 30, the White Sox would be Florida-bound on July 1. The reason: after that date, the legislative bar would be raised. A proposal as controversial as the $150 million taxpayer-funded White Sox stadium bill would never get the super-majority (71 House votes) needed for approval after June 30.
On June 30, the stadium bill needed to first get 30 votes to clear the Senate, itself a seemingly impossible task.
It all had to happen by midnight.
In the Senate, Chicago Democrats favored the proposal, but at least three Republicans needed to join them. Noted Chicago-hater James “Pate” Phillip of DuPage County was the Republican Senate leader. His opposition meant no Republicans were willing to vote for the stadium bill.
Governor Jim Thompson, a Chicago Republican popular in his hometown, understood losing one of the city’s two Major League teams would be a blow to the local and state economies. Thompson, in his fourth and final term as governor, also knew a departure of the the White Sox on his watch would stain his legacy.
It was more personal for Speaker Michael Madigan, a White Sox fan whose legislative district is located on Chicago’s south side. But, regardless of what Madigan wanted, saving the Sox would be impossible without Republican support.
June 30, 1988
In the late afternoon on June 30, based on Senate President Phillip’s opposition, Lt. Gov. George Ryan pronounced the Sox stadium bill “dead.”
Phillip had a vice-like grip on his members, so there was no reason to doubt Ryan as the bill awaited a Senate vote. But, Gov. Thompson wasn’t giving up.
“I said, ‘Pate, this is personal. I want this stadium and you have to help me,'” Thompson said.
In a surprise, Phillip dropped his opposition, allowing his members to vote as they wished. The Senate Minority Leader smirked as Thompson prowled the Senate floor, looking for Republicans willing to support the bill.
Shockingly, Thompson convinced three Republicans to go along, giving the bill the minimum 30 votes needed. As soon as the votes were tallied, Thompson and his lobbying team literally sprinted into the House chamber to try to get the bill passed before the midnight deadline.
What happened next was as dramatic as anything that happened at Comiskey Park during the 80 years it hosted ballgames.
The sound in the House chamber was a dull roar. The atmosphere was extremely tense.
Thompson scurried around the Republican side of the aisle in a feverish attempt to find supporters. Voting for a stadium for Chicago was not an easy sell for downstate and suburban Republicans.
Every Republican Representative was a potential supporter, as far as the governor was concerned. With all eyes on him, and with Speaker Madigan’s support, Thompson unashamedly played “Let’s Make a Deal” on the House floor.
Afterward, there were stories that Thompson was awarding “pork” projects right and left. One legislator said the governor had promised to support him for Secretary of State.
I’m not sure how a representative could hear any of the promises being made. The decibel level in the chamber ranged from “very loud” to, as midnight drew near, “deafening.”
Ordinarily, a bill is read and debated, voting opens and, after 30 seconds or less of members being prodded “Have all voted who wish?”, voting ends and results are tallied and posted. Reporting a legislative vote “live” for the radio is an uncomplicated task, normally.
What happened shortly before midnight on the evening of June 30, 1988, was not normal.
In the House press box, with a phone jammed against my ear but unable to hear anything being said to me by the WMAQ-AM news producers back in Chicago, I had to assume I was “live” on the air. With one eye on the House tote board and the other on Gov. Thompson twisting arms on the House floor, more than 20 minutes of radio “play-by-play” was improvised for audiences in Chicago and St. Petersburg.
Here are the last eight minutes of the WMAQ broadcast of the House vote. Listen for the tone signaling midnight.
Senators, having adjourned for the night, filled the rear of the House chamber. When the voting opened in the House several members did not register their votes on the electronic board. The voting was closed, thereby forcing representatives to declare their votes. The board showed only 54 yes votes, and 60 were required. The roll call was not announced, giving Thompson and other supporters time to convince reluctant representatives to change their votes. The clock on the vote board was switched off, so nobody could be sure of the exact time. Slowly six representatives, three from each party, asked that their votes be changed from no to yes. When the 60th vote was lit up on the board the vote was immediately announced, as well as the time of 11:59 p.m., although the printed roll call recorded the time at 12:03 a.m.
WMAQ was the only news outlet to broadcast the entire vote “live.” Chicago TV stations, believing the Sox bill was dead, had left Springfield while Chicago’s radio news leader, WBBM, cut away from the Statehouse to air CBS network news at the top of the hour.
WBBM took the “midnight deadline” literally. Speaker Madigan did not.
In the House, after many observers saw their watches read past midnight, the constitutionally mandated adjournment time, the House passed the measure by a 60-55 vote. The published roll call read 12:03 a.m. Friday, which normally would mandate any bill passing by a three-fifths majority, or 71 votes.
“I don’t think there is a judge in the nation, especially in Illinois, who would challenge this,” said Madigan (D., Chicago), who also had strong-armed three Democrats to switch their votes before the electronic toteboard was closed.
“By my watch, it was 11:59′” Madigan said. “I didn’t know this would pass. The Republicans told me they had seven votes when we went in, but the governor and I and all the members took risks and passed this bill to keep the White Sox in Chicago.”
It was akin to the White Sox coming from behind to win after the final out had been recorded.
“You bet I was worried,” a relieved Thompson told reporters. “Wouldn’t you be worried? Weren’t you watching the votes? This is a political resurrection from the dead, a baseball resurrection from the dead.”
During his 14 years as the state’s chief executive, Jim Thompson usually governed with Republican minorities in both the House and Senate. He won some and lost some but, unlike the current governor, Thompson would never have claimed he was “not in charge.”
Because Jim Thompson knew how to govern, he was able to save the White Sox for Chicago and Illinois.
# # #
Had Thompson failed, Chicago would have missed out on an amazing 2005 season.
The stadium bill’s passing meant the end for a great ballpark. Watch a brief documentary on Comiskey Park
A look at what might have been from a Tampa-St. Petersburg baseball fan
*This Sox stadium anniversary post is a revised and updated version of a McBarronBlog post from last year.
With a worldwide audience watching, a prominent celebrity stood on a stage and proudly uttered, twice, the word that tops the list of things you can’t say on television.
The great actor Robert DiNiro seemed to be taking a page from the Donald Trump playbook with an over-the-top, non-substantive attack on the President during his brief moment in the spotlight at the Tony Awards. What was DiNiro’s point? What was he trying to accomplish with the profane comment?
Aside from making sure everyone knew he didn’t like the President (anyone paying attention was already aware), the point seemed to be to get a standing ovation.
But how many people who didn’t already agree the current president is a disaster and a menace to the United States changed their opinion as a result of DiNiro’s outburst?
I’ll go out on a limb and estimate the number is “zero.”
I will also speculate a much larger number of Americans who voted for Trump in 2016, but have been experiencing remorse, reacted to DiNiro’s attack and the standing ovation by deciding that a “A guy who pisses off a bunch of overpaid liberal elites wearing tuxedos and evening gowns can’t be all bad.”
Consciously or not, DiNiro was playing Trump’s game by revving up people who already agreed with him. That is not how patriotic Americans can expect to end Trumpism.
Trump was perceived by many of his voters as offering hope, if you can call “What the hell do you have to lose by trying something new like Trump,” a hopeful statement. He promised everything to working people and is delivering nothing. In fact, he’s Robin Hood in reverse.
The Nobel prize-winning economist Joseph Stiglitz told the Guardian it was profoundly important that international observers were speaking out about Trump’s impact. “This administration inherited a bad situation with inequality in the US and is now fanning the flames and worsening the situation. What is so disturbing is that Trump, rather than taking measures to ameliorate the problem, is taking measures to aggravate it.”
Top of the list of those measures was the $1.5tn tax cutsenacted by the Republicans last December that slashed corporate tax rates. “Can you believe a country where the life expectancy is already in decline, particularly among those whose income is limited, giving tax breaks to billionaires and corporations while leaving millions of Americans without health insurance?” Stiglitz said.
That is what you talk about when you have the attention of a large group of people if you want to end Trumpism.
Though I’m sure it’s exhilarating to be the man dropping F-bombs on a worldwide audience, it is counter-productive. Time spent defending your use of vulgar language, or debating whether you are being disrespectful to the office of the president, etc, is time you could be using to convince voters to examine what their true self-interests are and to support candidates who actually support programs and policies that will benefit working people.
The first opportunity to bring Trumpism to heel comes in November when Democrats can grab control of the House of Representatives (the Senate might be in play, but the smart people think that’s a long shot). For (at least) one chamber of Congress to finally be able to check the president requires Trumpism opponents win elections in their communities. Doing that means communicating policy ideas in language that will be welcomed and which elucidates the real damage being caused by Trump and Trumpism.
Trumpism will end when people who supported the current president based on his promises and not his personality realize they need to act differently in the next elections.
Mr. DiNiro, with all due respect, the next time you have the world’s attention, please choose your words with more care than you’ve used in choosing movie roles (like this, and this) in the last decade.
Trumpism needs to be ended as soon as possible. Trump rode profane name calling and vulgar language to Washington. Trying to out Trump Trump will do nothing to get him out of the White House.
in the late 1980s, the big draw for the World of Wheels show in Springfield, IL was the “The Original Batmobile” along with, “TVs Batman, Adam West.”
The crowds weren’t exactly breaking down the doors to see the show or Adam West when I stopped by with my tape recorder for a radio interview. Yet West could not have been nicer or more accommodating when we spoke during his break.
He was wearing “the suit,” with a flight jacket draped over his shoulders. The Batman cowl was pulled back and he was wearing aviator glasses.
The elephant in the Springfield convention center that day was how absurd it was for a grown man to be wearing a Batman costume. West didn’t complain about it. His attitude was, “it’s all show business.”
Besides, even in his late 50s, the Batman costume looked good on him.
We talked about then in-production new (Tim Burton) Batman movie. I was incredulous to learn no one had spoken to him about a cameo. Without irony, I blurted, “But you’re Batman.”
West told me many people he’d spoken to said they would be boycotting the movie because he had been treated so shabbily.
If those folks boycotted the movie, which starred Michael Keaton as the Coweled Crusader, most people did not. It was a huge hit.
In my interview, and in every interview I ever heard/read with him, Adam West came across as a very nice, self aware man with a great sense of humor. I wish I still had the tape. I wish I had taken a picture.
For me, he’ll always be Batman. And if that wasn’t enough (it was for me), he also was Ty Lookwell.
If you’ve never seen the unsold tv pilot, LOOKWELL (created by Conan O’Brian and Robert Smigel), WATCH IT NOW:
If you don’t think LOOKWELL is one of the funniest things ever made for TV, you and I will never be friends.
Adam West died one year ago. I’m glad I was able to spend a few minutes with him and tell one of my childhood heroes how much he’d meant to me.
# # #
Adam West wore the Batman costume in many unusual settings, like this British Public Service Announcement for pedestrian safety.
From WIRED: Adam West – Batman Forever
The mission of the people who run Fox News, and many of the network’s high profile stars, is to broadcast commentary and pictures that will keep the the 35-40 percent of Americans who aren’t appalled by Donald Trump in a constant state of anger at the “elites.” That’s why every winter sees the resumption of the phony “War on Christmas.”
Keeping viewers angry at liberals is good for business.
But sometimes, in journalism and in whatever it is we should call what they do at Fox, mistakes are made. Fox made a doozy this morning.
Fox News apologized Tuesday for a segment that implied Philadelphia Eagles players were protesting the national anthem when they were actually kneeling in prayer prior to games.
“During our report about President Trump cancelling the Philadelphia Eagles trip to the White House to celebrate their Super Bowl win, we showed unrelated footage of players kneeling in prayer,” Christopher Wallace, executive producer of “Fox News @ Night” with Shannon Bream, said in a statement.
“To clarify, no members of the team knelt in protest during the national anthem throughout regular or post-season last year. We apologize for the error,” he added.
You can understand how this probably happened: Fox planned stories about the President canceling the White House celebration of the Philadelphia Eagles’ Super Bowl win. (Trump knew many players, including the team’s stars, wouldn’t show up because, among other things, Trump called players who knelt in protest during the playing of the National Anthem before games “sons of bitches”).
So, to provide a visual for the White House cancels Eagles celebration story, someone grabbed video of Eagles players kneeling on the field.
Unfortunately, the picture above was taken long before the game started and the players huddled in the end zone are praying.
Again, understandable mistake. Here are some players who actually did protest racism by kneeling during the Anthem before games:
And here is the man who started it all, Colin Kaepernick, before he was ostracized for making a statement by kneeling.
It’s impossible to tell whether the players pictured above are praying or protesting. Both activities look exactly the same, therefore it is illogical to claim the the players protesting are being disrespectful.
All the players pictured are making statements:
Some of them are unashamedly displaying their religious faith.
Some of them are displaying their belief that America, in the way too many people of color are treated, is not living up to the ideals represented by the nation’s flag.
Thanks Fox News, for making it clear that the players who want to raise awareness of racism in the United States are disrespecting no one and nothing.
They’re just being good Americans.
Not everyone at Fox News is in the tank for Donald Trump. Shepard Smith is telling the truth every afternoon. I don’t know how he gets away with it.
Here he rakes the White House Press Secretary over the coals for her latest string of lies.
He didn’t build many bridges while in office, but Rod Blagojevich sure burned a few. That’s why, aside from his devoted wife Patti, few have spoken in support for an early release for the twice-elected former Illinois Governor.
Audio tapes played at his trial showed Blagojevich believed he had something “golden” in the US Senate seat vacated by Barack Obama and he wanted to be paid for it. Conspiring to “sell” the seat, along with lying to the FBI, bought Blago 14 years in the federal pen.
The current President of the United States today initiated a discussion of whether Blago has suffered enough, while misstating the number years in the prison sentence.
“Because what he did does not justify 18 years in a jail. If you read his statement, it was a foolish statement. There was a lot of bravado … Plenty of other politicians have said a lot worse,” he said. “And it doesn’t, he shouldn’t have been put in jail.”
Fortunately, former Statehouse reporter Don Sevener recently posted to his blog a mini-refresher course on the Blagojevich years, which reminds us that much, though certainly not all, of the blame for Illinois’ current fiscal mess belongs to Blago.
The governor had a billion-dollar appetite for new spending but a budget insufficient to feed it. Unwilling to raise taxes to support his hunger, he took pension “holidays” — i.e. robbing the state’s retirement systems — to pay for populist (and sometimes popular) new programs and initiatives that the state could not afford. He wasn’t the first or only governor to use the tactic, but he was the most extravagant.
In office barely two months, Blagojevich demanded higher education institutions return what amounted to a quarter of their state appropriation. He then cut higher education budgets — shortchanging students who faced higher tuition and seeding the demise of a higher education system that once ranked among the elite of the nation.
Let’s also remember that the evidence that gave Blagojevich a place of honor in the team photo of corrupt Illinois politicians included a scheme in which the CEO of Children’s Memorial Hospital saw $8 million in promised state health care funding withheld from his facility.
Mr. Blagojevich on Oct. 8 discussed with one of his campaign fundraisers pressing the executive — named in the criminal complaint as “Hospital Executive 1” — for a $50,000 campaign contribution, allegedly a quid pro quo for the governor’s recent funding commitment, according to the affidavit.
“I’m going to do $8 million for them. I want to get (Hospital Executive 1) for 50,” Mr. Blagojevich told the fundraiser, according to the 78-page affidavit.
Mr. Blagojevich had a conversation with a deputy governor about the status of the funding, as described in the affidavit: “The pediatric doctors — the reimbursement. Has that gone out yet, or is that still on hold?” Mr. Blagojevich asked.
“It’s January 1,” a deputy governor responded.
“And we have total discretion over it?” he asked.
“Yep,” a deputy governor replied.
“We could pull it back if we need to – budgetary concerns – right?”
A deputy replied “yep,” to which the governor said: “That’s good to know,” according to the affidavit.
Again, we’re talking about a hospital that treats sick children. They never did get the money.
Why would this President consider
a pardon commuting the sentence for a not too bright, but extremely greedy, selfish jerk, lacking any principles, who screwed over the people who put him in office and cared only about himself and his immediate family?
Let’s just say Donald Trump understands Rod Blagojevich.
Should he decide to spring the former governor, perhaps the President could help Blagojevich get back on his feet by giving him a job in his administration.
As bad as he is, Blagojevich has more experience in government than most Trump cabinet members.
And as for the moral impact on this Administration, it’s a wash.
# # #
McBarronBlog Bonus Links
CapitolFax: Blagojevich again attempts to rewrite history
Life, in particular: Throw Away the Key
VIDEO: A man who never takes responsibility tries to get Rod Blagojevich to take responsibility.
Fifty-seven years ago this week, the President of the United States stood before a joint session of Congress and said something nutty.
First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth.
John F. Kennedy elaborated on that thought a few months later before a big crowd in a Houston football stadium.
We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win…
In 1961, no doubt some considered that goal to be “crazy talk.”
As of July 20, 1969, it was reality.
I found myself thinking about JFK and his outlandish commitment to the space program when I read a characterization of Friday’s Santa Fe, Texas, shooting as part of an “epidemic without a solution.”
That’s defeatist talk. Defeatism has never solved a problem.
The US is unique in two key — and related — ways when it comes to guns: It has way more gun deaths than other developed nations, and it has far higher levels of gun ownership than any other country in the world.
The US has nearly six times the gun homicide rate of Canada, more than seven times that of Sweden, and nearly 16 times that of Germany, according to United Nations data compiled by the Guardian. (These gun deaths are a big reason America has a much higher overall homicide rate, which includes non-gun deaths, than other developed nations.)
Researcher Josh Tewksbury’s data show the correlation between the number of guns and gun deaths (including homicides and suicides) among wealthier nations:
If this was an epidemic without a solution, the United States would not be an outlier.
As journalist German Lopez reports in VOX.com:
Guns are not the only contributor to violence. (Other factors include, for example, poverty, urbanization, and alcohol consumption.) But when researchers control for other confounding variables, they have found time and time again that America’s high levels of gun ownership are a major reason the US is so much worse in terms of gun violence than its developed peers.
The moon shot happened because fulfilling President Kennedy’s promise became a priority for the nation and a goal members of Congress supported, for which they approved resources. It unified the country.
Leadership on the gun issue could have the same effect. There’s already plenty of support which, in a democracy, ought to count for something.
Americans’ support for tougher gun laws hit a 25-year high in March. In the wake of the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, in a March Gallup poll, 67% of Americans indicated their support for tougher restrictions on guns. This was the highest level of support for more stringent gun laws in the U.S. since 1993. Americans’ support for tougher gun laws has generally trended up since the 2012 shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Connecticut, and has now returned to levels last seen prior to 2000.
“When we’ve had our say with the government — and maybe the adults have gotten used to saying ‘it is what it is,’ but if us students have learned anything, it’s that if you don’t study, you will fail,” declared Emma Gonzalez, a Parkland student, in a speech that has gone viral on the Internet.
“And in this case if you actively do nothing, people continually end up dead, so it’s time to start doing something.”
Ignore the defeatists.
Americans can accomplish anything if we are committed to victory, no matter how long it takes.
We put a man on the moon, for God’s sake.