Guns · Uncategorized

Ignore the defeatists: Gun violence is a solvable problem

Screenshot 2018-05-19 08.10.26

Fifty-seven years ago this week, the President of the United States stood before a joint session of Congress and said something nutty.

First, I believe that this nation should commit itself to achieving the goal, before this decade is out, of landing a man on the moon and returning him safely to the Earth. 

John F. Kennedy elaborated on that thought a few months later before a big crowd in a Houston football stadium.

We choose to go to the moon. We choose to go to the moon in this decade and do the other things, not because they are easy, but because they are hard, because that goal will serve to organize and measure the best of our energies and skills, because that challenge is one that we are willing to accept, one we are unwilling to postpone, and one which we intend to win…

In 1961, no doubt some considered that goal to be “crazy talk.”

As of July 20, 1969, it was reality.

I found myself thinking about JFK and his outlandish commitment to the space program when I read a characterization of Friday’s Santa Fe, Texas, shooting as part of an “epidemic without a solution.”

That’s defeatist talk. Defeatism has never solved a problem.

America’s gun problem

The US is unique in two key — and related — ways when it comes to guns: It has way more gun deaths than other developed nations, and it has far higher levels of gun ownership than any other country in the world.

The US has nearly six times the gun homicide rate of Canada, more than seven times that of Sweden, and nearly 16 times that of Germany, according to United Nations data compiled by the Guardian. (These gun deaths are a big reason America has a much higher overall homicide rate, which includes non-gun deaths, than other developed nations.)

Researcher Josh Tewksbury’s data show the correlation between the number of guns and gun deaths (including homicides and suicides) among wealthier nations:

GUN_SCATTERPLOT_2x

 

If this was an epidemic without a solution, the United States would not be an outlier.

As journalist German Lopez reports in VOX.com:

Guns are not the only contributor to violence. (Other factors include, for example, poverty, urbanization, and alcohol consumption.) But when researchers control for other confounding variables, they have found time and time again that America’s high levels of gun ownership are a major reason the US is so much worse in terms of gun violence than its developed peers.

The moon shot happened because fulfilling President Kennedy’s promise became a priority for the nation and a goal members of  Congress supported, for which they approved resources. It unified the country.

Leadership on the gun issue could have the same effect. There’s already plenty of support which, in a democracy, ought to count for something.

Gallup:

Americans’ support for tougher gun laws hit a 25-year high in March. In the wake of the shooting at Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School in Parkland, Florida, in a March Gallup poll, 67% of Americans indicated their support for tougher restrictions on guns. This was the highest level of support for more stringent gun laws in the U.S. since 1993. Americans’ support for tougher gun laws has generally trended up since the 2012 shooting at Sandy Hook Elementary in Newtown, Connecticut, and has now returned to levels last seen prior to 2000.

HighestStricterLaws
What we lack are leaders who aspire to do the difficult. You won’t get that kind of leadership from this White House, but we can move the fight in the right direction this November.
Pay attention to the congressional elections.
If gun violence matters to you, find out which members of Congress accept NRA support and support their opponents. Encourage friends and family to do the same.
Instead of letting the defeatists get us off track, let’s pay attention to the what the young people, those literally on the front lines of gun violence, have to say about the attitude that has kept rational gun laws from becoming law.
Screenshot 2018-05-19 12.20.36

“When we’ve had our say with the government — and maybe the adults have gotten used to saying ‘it is what it is,’ but if us students have learned anything, it’s that if you don’t study, you will fail,” declared Emma Gonzalez, a Parkland student, in a speech that has gone viral on the Internet.

“And in this case if you actively do nothing, people continually end up dead, so it’s time to start doing something.

Ignore the defeatists.

Americans can accomplish anything if we are committed to victory, no matter how long it takes.

We put a man on the moon, for God’s sake.

Journalism · Uncategorized

Save the Sun-Times

Thirty years ago, the Chicago White Sox announced plans to move to Florida. Governor Jim Thompson knew the loss would diminish the city’s stature.

He also realized he would be held responsible if the Sox left. In June, 1988, with assistance from Speaker Michael Madigan, “Big Jim” twisted enough legislator’s arms to keep the White Sox on the south side.

The point: Keeping Chicago as one of two cites (with New York) with two big league teams was/is a big deal and was worth fighting for.

You know what else is a big deal and worth fighting for?

Having two high-quality daily newspapers.

Yesterday’s Tweet from a reporter at the Sacramento (CA) Bee is a reminder of the state of the newspaper industry.

In Chicago, significant numbers of reporters and editors at both the Tribune and the Sun-Times have been dismissed in recent years.

Five years ago, due to economic pressures (and bad management), the Sun-Times fired all of its photographers, though a few were later rehired. The paper itself has many fewer reporters than it did a decade ago.

But the Sun-Times, with new management, is still here and fighting for survival.

At the Tribune, a much bigger paper, the exit door has been seeing a lot of activity in  recent years, with the latest exodus occurring last month.

It marked the second round of layoffs in five months under publisher and editor-in-chief Bruce Dold. In October Dold cited “significant financial pressure” facing the news industry in cutting a reported 14 positions.

A financially healthy Sun-Times will help protect the Tribune as well. Tribune reporters have decided to form a union to protect the newsroom from the paper’s management. That management, unsurprisingly, has decided to fight the union organizing effort.

Without competition, the Tribune will have no incentive to make peace with the union or to stop diverting newspaper revenues from the newsroom to executives. Saving the Sun-Times means TWO quality papers for Chicago.

We need to save journalism by paying for it.

Two papers staffed with reporters committed to the public’s right to know, who keep each other honest while informing the rest of us, help protect our democracy from those who would prefer we remain clueless.

While a number of individuals or organizations fit that description, no matter who you are or who you do/don’t trust, the point is the same: We need reporters who will ferret out the truth and deliver it to us.

Good journalism has value and must be paid for, so please subscribe.

If past editorial positions are keeping you from subscribing, please reconsider.

The Sun-Times is under new management, including support from organized labor. This  coincides with a new trend of publishing editorials supportive of working people.

Don’t be the person who helped kill democracy by allowing journalism to die. Support your local paper and consider supporting the Sun-Times. Choose home delivery or online access, but please subscribe NOW.

Below are links to the top ten (by circulation) newspapers in Illinois. You can google your area’s paper, if you don’t see it.

As another paper likes to say, “Democracy Dies in Darkness.”

Let’s keep the lights on.

1.   Chicago Tribune

2.Chicago Sun-Times

3.   Hoy

4.   Journal Star

5.   Daily Herald – Cook County

6.   Belleville News-Democrat

7.   The State Journal-Register

8.   Rockford Register Star

9.   Dispatch/Argus

10. The Pantagraph

McBarronBlog Bonus:

Imagine Chicago without the Sun-Times

Uncategorized

Teachers, students, parents wasted their time talking to President Trump

Cw_k5phVIAACeeNFor a moment on Wednesday I thought President Trump gave a damn about the danger posed to all Americans, including school children and teachers, by the easy access to guns in the United States.

I thought he might have actually been paying attention during Wednesday’s “listening session” at the White House, where the parents and classmates of the Florida school shooting victims poured their hearts out to him. They spoke eloquently, angrily and tearfully about their pain and their passionate belief there are too many guns, too easily obtained, especially weapons capable of killing dozens of people within seconds.

The President said the right things Wednesday, showing, for maybe the first time as president, a little bit of empathy.

Trump told the group he would “do something about this horrible situation that’s going on” in America, and that he hoped to “figure it out together” with those students, teachers and parents gathered at the White House.

“We don’t want others to go through the kind of pain that you’ve gone through,” Trump said.

It was a different story Thursday, when the President voiced support for countering the problem of guns in schools by having teachers bring more guns into schools.

President Donald Trump on Thursday expanded on his idea to train and arm some teachers with guns, suggesting that firearm-adept school staff be given “a little bit of a bonus” for carrying weapons, and promising federal funds to train them.

At a White House discussion on school safety solutions with state and local officials, Trump said “highly adept people … who understand weaponry” could carry guns in schools, estimating that 10 to 40 percent of teachers could be qualified for such a task. Those who are would undergo “rigorous training,” he said, later adding that he’d consider offering federal money for that effort.

Though on Wednesday, he said he wanted to “figure it out” with teachers and students, by Thursday it was clear the only voice he hears is that of the National Rifle Association (NRA).

The NRA answer to every problem is “more guns,” which makes sense because the NRA is the marketing and lobbying arm of the gun manufacturers. Anything that reduces the number of guns sold is bad for business.

Arming teachers could mean 720,000 more guns in schools., so you can see why the NRA told Trump to float the idea, which was immediately rejected by the nation’s largest education employees union. NEA President Lily Eskelsen-Garcia, said more guns into schools does nothing to protect students and educators from gun violence.

“Our students need more books, art and music programs, nurses and school counselors; they do not need more guns in their classrooms. Parents and educators overwhelmingly reject the idea of arming school staff. Educators need to be focused on teaching our students. We need solutions that will keep guns out of the hands of those who want to use them to massacre innocent children and educators. Arming teachers does nothing to prevent that.

A post on the issue on the IEA Facebook Page generated more than 500 comments in less than 24 hours, virtually all of them in opposition.

A sampling:

  • If teachers become armed I am leaving the profession.
  • #ArmMeWith enough school psychologists, social workers, & teaching assistants to ensure my students are getting all of the help they need before it becomes too much for them.
  • NOPE. Stop leaving problems created by society as a whole at the feet of teachers and expecting us to fix them on our own. Society created this issue. Society needs to fix it. People can’t budge on their guns but expect teachers and kids to fight off attackers? Insane. And teachers would probably be required to fund it on their own.
  • Not surprised by his ignorance. I will not be forced to carry a gun at school! Just as lawmakers are unwilling to amend the 2nd Amendment, I will not allow it to infringe on my rights as a teacher!
  • I grew up in a gun collector’s home and was taught from a young age just how serious they are by my father who worked in Chicago emergency rooms. As a middle-school teacher and union president, I do not want them introduced into my school unless they are in the hands of trained law enforcement, not those of my coworkers, and especially not in my hands.
  • The people best prepared to deal with this issue–our enforcement officers in this nation–believe this is not a good solution. I just heard the Sheriff of Broward County where the Florida school shooting took place said this idea of arming teachers is not a good idea.

Offering to bribe teachers to carry guns is classic Trump. He knows teachers will never go for a plan to give them weapons. That’s not why they became teachers.

But the thing is He doesn’t care.

Now he’ll say, “I offered a solution, teachers didn’t like it, we’re done.” As far as he’s concerned, that gets him off the hook.

Status quo, the position always favored by the NRA, remains in place.

Let’s hope everyone outraged by last week’s violence in Florida will remain angry in November.

The president won’t be on the ballot. However, many of his enablers will.

McBarronBlog Bonus

This president can’t relate to people whose focus is not on “making money.” This explains the meeting Trump had with the national Teachers of the Year at the White House last year, which the Washington Post described as “weird.”

 

Uncategorized

Oh say, did you see that Anthem performance?

Had it been a fight, Fergie’s performance of the National Anthem at Sunday’s NBA All-Star Game would have been stopped by “the dawn’s early light.”

Twitter was not kind.

It seems foolish to get too exercised over this latest Anthem insult. After all, the song itself is, at the least, controversial.

The lyrics to The Star-Spangled Banner were written by Francis Scott Key, a slaveowner. He was celebrating the failure of the British to conquer Baltimore in the War of 1812.

And

The words were set To Anacreon in Heaven, an awkward tune appropriate for inebriation, which is how it was usually sung.

Though I’ve always thought it silly to perform it before every sporting event, I remain an Anthem fan. It’s how I was raised. There’s nothing wrong with putting your own spin on the song, if your talent and your heart are in the right places.

Any list of great Anthem performances must include the lengthy but incredibly soulful version by Marvin Gaye at the 1983 NBA All-Star Game.

Fifteen years earlier, Jose’ Feliciano was a little too soulful for the time. His expressive performance at the 1968 World Series resulted in death threats and calls for the Puerto Rican-American singer to be “deported.”

My favorite Anthem performance took place in Portland on April 25, 2003, prior to a NBA Playoff game between the hometown Trailblazers and the Dallas Mavericks.

The scheduled singer that night was 13-year-old Natalie Gilbert who, in true, “the show must go on” fashion, decided to take the mic despite having spent the day in bed with the flu.

In retrospect, that was a mistake. Yet, something wonderful happened.

That Anthem performance shows how things ought to be in America. When we see someone struggling, we should accept the risk that we could look silly and we lend a hand.

It doesn’t matter that Trailblazers coach Mo Cheeks couldn’t carry a tune in a bucket. He saw a young girl who needed help and stepped in.

That clip gets me, every time. And I’ve watched it a lot.

That’s leadership.

Sadly, Mo Cheeks wasn’t nearby when a man who pontificates about patriotism drew a blank on the words to the anthem of the country he’s supposed to be leading.

At least Fergie knows the words.

When performed with sincerity, the Anthem can be quite moving.

When things go awry, the Anthem can either give us a window into the heart of those who talk a good game about patriotism but don’t feel it, or it can show us something great about America.

Thank you, Mo Cheeks.

Happy President’s Day.

# # #

McBarronBlog Bonus

One of the most “unorthodox”performances of the Anthem took place at the 1969 Woodstock Festival. Former US Airman Jimi Hendrix said he just wanted to share something “beautiful.”

It might be hard to believe, but the Anthem was not always played before every sporting event

In his stand-up days, Albert Brooks ruminated about the possible rewriting of the National Anthem

Uncategorized

Resolve to ignore fake news in 2018

Happy-New-year-2018-Images-1-1024x538 2

It wasn’t merely that the news itself was bad in 2017 though, mostly, it was.

But it was also a bad year for the news media. Here in Illinois, citizens, once again and in increasing quantities, were fed a daily ration of BS by the “Illinois Policy Institute,” an organization dedicated to the eradication of unions, the privatization of public education and to the enrichment of the state’s wealthiest people at the expense of those on lower rungs of the economic ladder.

This organization (its leaders prefer IPI be called “The Institute” – we won’t be doing that) officially refuses to divulge who funds it, though we’re certain the Koch Brothers are involved and we know an early funder was a guy who made a fortune off the teacher pensions he wants to eliminate.

Republican gubernatorial candidate Bruce Rauner has donated more than $500,000 to the Illinois Policy Institute over the last five years. The institute, which bills itself as a free-market, liberty-based organization, promotes a range of policies and has writers in an offshoot called the Illinois News Network, which provides stories free of charge to newspapers.

After the legislature approved a new state budget for the first time in more than two years, former state legislator James Nowlan analyzed the work of IPI’s “analysts” and their “conclusion-driven” reports.

By that, I mean the IPI first establishes its ideological conclusion, to wit: Illinois could have enacted its recent budget without a tax increase. Then, the so-called analysts go out in search of narrative to buck up the conclusion.

and

The IPI “budget solution” is not to save or cut huge amounts but simply to shift, massively, state responsibilities onto the backs of its local governments. Their proposal would, for example, shift at least $2.5 billion in teacher and professor pension responsibilities off the state ledger books and onto local school districts and universities.

The IPI tools for BS distribution include social media and spokespeople claiming to be experts. Their pronouncements are, too often, presented to the public as “news” by people who, as journalists, should protect their consumers from unfettered nonsense.
For example, the Editorial Page of the Chicago Tribune regularly features editorials from IPI sources. Similarly, the TV show Chicago Tonight allows IPI spokespeople, long on ideology but short on credentials, to appear as “experts” on taxation, economics and government.
More recently, the IPI has spread its tentacles into broadcasting by purchasing the Illinois Radio Network. As is the IPI M-O, “news stories” are offered at no charge to radio stations statewide.
Among the stations now airing IPI propaganda is one of Springfield’s top news and information outlets, WMAY Radio. (full disclosure: I was a WMAY news reporter from 1982-85)
In an interview with columnist Bernie Schoenberg, WMAY general manager Harvey Wells defended the IRN association, apparently believing an organization that exists solely to advocate for its anti-tax, anti-union agenda, purchased an unprofitable statewide radio network in order to deliver fair, balanced, journalistically sound information.
He said it was made clear to the station the policy institute and INN/IRN are separate entities. He also said the station isn’t using some weekly programming from IRN — just news that can be chosen, story by story, by the station.
There certainly is a financial advantage to the arrangement. “Nothing” is always a good price and that is what WMAY and other IRN stations are paying to air, as news, IPI propaganda. It allows the station to sound “bigger” at no cost.
The price paid for the acceptance of free “news” is that true journalists can suddenly seem prohibitively, or at least unnecessarily, expensive.
Why buy news when you can get “news” for free?
In 1987, 44 journalists representing 27 news organizations were Illinois Statehouse reporters. In the most recent edition of the state government “Blue Book,” 14 journalists representing 13 independent news organization are listed as members of the Illinois Legislative Correspondents Association.
Not every news operation airing IPI propaganda is in cahoots with the dark money group.
For example, despite the IPI BS regularly printed on the Tribune editorial/opinion page, the paper continues to publish journalists delivering accurate and fair reports.
At the Tribune, there exists a metaphorical “wall” between the newsroom and the editorial board room. It is safe to assume that much that appears in the Tribune’s news section irritates the folks in the board room. That’s how it’s supposed to work.
WMAY continues to employ independent and outspoken hosts who “call them as they see them,” but to claim a wall exists between the IPI and its in-house news operations would be laughable if it wasn’t so dangerous to the public good.
So, in in the interests of keeping journalism alive, the following resolution for 2018 is offered:
Whereas, a misinformed public cannot be expected to make decisions protecting  democracy and our Constitution,
Whereas, the Koch Brothers, Bruce Rauner and the Illinois Policy Institute have made the eradication of public employee unions, the privatization of public education, the reduction or elimination of services for the poor, sick , elderly and children their primary goals, 
Be it resolved that I, as a news consumer in 2018, will strive to remember that  reports from the Illinois Radio Network and the Illinois News Network are propaganda intended to further the agenda of the Illinois Policy Institute, Gov. Rauner and the Koch Brothers,
Be it further resolved that, when I receive BS, via newspaper or broadcast, I will contact the newspaper or station and let then know that I expect journalism from  the news and, if I don’t get it, I will will stop supporting advertisers who support attacks on our democracy,
Be it also resolved that, as a free and independent news media is crucial in a democracy, in 2018 I will support journalism by purchasing subscriptions and supporting the advertisers of stations, papers and e-publications that continue to deliver high quality, fair and accurate journalism.
If we pay attention, the truth, the facts, will prevail.
Happy NEWS year!
# # #

McBarronBlog Bonus

Uncategorized

Doubling down on the $2 bill

Nicknames for popular paper currency are often based on the person whose face appears on the front: A $10 bill is a “Hamilton,” the $100 bill is a “Franklin” or a “Benjamin.”
Unless you spend a lot of time at the $2 betting window at a race track you probably don’t know who’s on the $2 bill, a denomination accounting for just 3 percent of currency in circulation.
In March 1862, the first $2 bill was issued as a Legal Tender Note (United States Note) with a portrait of Alexander Hamilton; the portrait of Hamilton used was a profile view and is not the same portrait used currently for the $10 bill.
By 1869, the $2 United States Note was redesigned with the now familiar portrait of Thomas Jefferson. 
Let’s agree the $2 bill, aka the “Tom,” is quite attractive.

wbe0zsulqjg30dul4c9jma.jpg

img_0754.jpg

Lovely, yet rare. The $2 bill is a victim of it’s specialness. 

Everyone who deals with American money—even people who dedicate very little thought to the matter—knows that $2 bills are something worth commenting on. They’re something worth commenting on because they aren’t seen very much. They aren’t seen very much because they aren’t printed very often. They aren’t printed very often because people are disinclined to use them. People are disinclined to use them because they are thought to be special—or sometimes even fake—because of how rare they are. 

Hoarding the bills is a problem, but the biggest barrier acceptance is that cash registers aren’t designed to receive/store $2 bills. The Tom will fade away unless we resolve to obtain and spend them.

I am joining the ranks of “Tom ambassadors,” a group of brave Americans trying to bring the $2 bill back into common use by…using it.

The movement has many enemies. TIME last year printed an anti-Tom op-ed. Also, there are active Tom hoarders participating in an insane savings system.

It will take time to resurrect the Tom. The $2 bill’s reputation reached an all-time low in 1966, when the Treasury decided to halt printing of the bills despite the fact they are a proven money saver:

Today, for example, it costs about 5 cents to make a dollar … and it costs the same amount to make a 2. Since the U.S. Bureau of Engraving and Printing presses upwards of 4 billion $1 bills a year, that adds up to a lot of … coin.

The Tom made a comeback ten years later as part of the 1976 Bicentennial celebration. Unfortunately, they were so attractive and “special,” people kept them instead of spending them. They continue to be printed, but not often spent.

While America will be a better country if people acquire and spend $2 bills, let’s be clear: If you are paying a premium for $2 bills, you’re doing it wrong.

screen-shot-2017-12-17-at-10-18-58-am-e1513622929333.png

You can get tons of Toms, AT FACE VALUE, at your bank. Just walk in an ask if they have any $2 bills, then buy them. If they don’t have any, ask them to order some for you.

If you need incentive, the producer of The $2 Bill Documentary has found Toms get a reaction, 

“If you start tipping waiters and waitresses and valets, they’re going to remember who you are and the next time you come in if you keep doing it, you’re going to get better service. This has been proven to me several times when I use them. It’s a way to get remembered, it’s a way to stand out.”

The key to success is to spend Toms. We can do this!

I thank you. Tom thanks you two too.

McBarronBlog Bonus:

A truly amazing $2 bill story

Trailer: The $2 Bill Documentary

Two Buckaroo – a blog focused on the Tom

Uncategorized

Holiday Inn reservations

holiday-inn-poster_1324524565

Every Christmas season I make it a point to revisit certain movies and TV shows I consider essential parts of the Christmas experience: A Christmas Carol (Alastair Sim version), Elf, Christmas With the Letterman’s and a few others.

But, none of these gives me more enjoyment than the 1942 classic, Holiday Inn, which I first saw as a boy.

The plot of Holiday Inn was merely an excuse on which to hang 14 Berlin songs. Crosby, Astaire, and Virginia Dale are a musical act, which breaks up when Crosby decides to retire to a farm. But Crosby quickly grows bored and decides to turn his farm into an inn and nightclub, which will be open only on national holidays. He then teams with a new partner, played by Marjorie Reynolds. Suddenly, Astaire, jilted by Dale, pays a visit, and the two men’s musical and romantic rivalry starts up again.

Why do I love Holiday Inn? It has Bing Crosby and Fred Astaire at their singing and dancing best, along with songs by Irving Berlin. Each song is related to an American holiday including Happy HolidaysEaster Parade and, most importantly, White Christmas.

As holiday entertainment it’s nearly perfect.

Nearly…

There is this one song about Abraham Lincoln’s birthday…

That’s why we celebrate
This blessed February date
Abraham, Abraham

When black folks lived in slavery
Who was it set the darkie free?
Abraham, Abraham

If the lyrics weren’t bad enough (and they are), Abraham is performed by Crosby and co-star Marjorie Reynolds in blackface.

hi5

Whites in blackface was a tradition of “Minstrel Shows,” a popular form of 19th century entertainment still considered acceptable as nostalgia well into the 20th century.

There is plenty available online about the history of minstrelsy. I’ve read a lot on the subject and thought about it. Despite that, I just can’t answer, “Why?”

Why blackface?

I don’t get it. I don’t get why blackface was, a not-so-long time ago, so popular.

It boggles the mind.

One can only agree with this assessment:

In short, early minstrel music and dance was not true black culture; it was a white reaction to it.[117] This was the first large-scale appropriation and commercial exploitation of black culture by American whites.[118]

By the mid-1950s, blackface was no longer considered acceptable by mainstream American audiences (though it remained a staple of British TV into the 1970s), but Irving Berlin was more popular than ever. So, Hollywood decided to remake Holiday Inn in 1954, in color and without blackface. The result was the much more famous and popular White Christmas, starring Bing Crosby and Danny Kaye.

While I realize White Christmas is many people’s favorite vehicle for the Berlin songs, I think the story is inferior and I know Danny Kaye is no Fred Astaire.

What to do?

You can see White Christmas on the big screen, at noon on Saturday, December 16, at the Catlow Theater in Barrington.

WC_Still_0006.tif

Or,

If you want to stick with the original version, use the fast forward button on your DVR or DVD player to skip over Abraham. Should you decide to watch the entire film with the family, use the opportunity (during or after) to discuss why this scene is in the film and why it is racist and demeaning to African Americans. Here’s a thought-provoking essay on blackfaceAnd another.

Should Holiday Inn, as a whole, be trashed? I don’t think so.

Abraham is an embarrassment, but Holiday Inn is an excellent 1940s musical with great songs and terrific work from Astaire. Skipping Abraham will not diminish your enjoyment of this film. It certainly hasn’t diminished mine.

# # #

McBarronBlog Bonus

  • Spike Lee’s angry satire Bamboozled makes an irrefutable case that the repeated use of racist/demeaning images, especially blackface, corrupts public attitudes toward minorities. The film was was underrated when it was released. Look for it.